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Math Glossary Letter F
f test statistic
noun
test statistic has an F-distribution under the null hypothesis
face value
noun
the price that the issuer pays at the time of maturity
faces
noun
flat surface forming part of the boundary of a solid object
factor
noun
a divisor of an integer n, also called a factor of n, is an integer m that may be multiplied by some integer to produce n.
factor by grouping
verb
Group terms and factor out a GCF and common binomial
factor pairs
noun
set of two numbers with a product resulting in a certain number
factorial
noun
The product of an integer and all the integers below it
factoring polynomials
noun
Factor a polynomial into the product of multiple polynomials/binomials/monomials
fahrenheit
noun
Unit of temperature
falling object
noun
math problems involving an object being dropped from a certain height
false
noun
A statement that cannot be proven formally from the axioms
favorable outcome
noun
the outcome that you are looking for in an experiment
Feet
noun
Unit of distance measurement, equal to 12 inches
Fermats Little Theorem
noun
if p is a prime number, then for any integer a, the number ap - a is an integer multiple of p

ap ≡ a (mod p)
fibonacci
noun
a number, commonly denoted Fn, which form the Fibonacci sequence, in which each number is the sum of the two preceding ones
fibonacci numbers
noun
Sequence of numbers starting with 0, 1, where the next number equals the sum of the last two numbers

Fn = Fn - 1 - Fn - 2
fibonacci retracement
noun
a method of technical analysis for determining support and resistance levels
FIFO
noun
First In First Out - inventory cost method where the cost associated with the inventory that was purchased first is the cost expenses first.
FIFO
noun
First In, First Out is an accounting method in which assets purchased or acquired first are disposed of first
figurate number
noun
a number that can be represented by a regular geometrical arrangement of equally spaced points. If the arrangement forms a regular polygon, the number is called a polygonal.
finance
noun
study of investments
finite
noun
having limits or bounds
finite field
noun
field containing a finite number of elements
fisher inverse
noun
Inverse of the Fisher Transform

e2z - 1/e2z + 1
fisher transformation
noun
Transform a set of numbers into a Gaussian distribution
fishers exact test
noun
significance test used in the analysis of contingency tables
fixed cost
noun
business expenses that are not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business
flat price
noun
price of a bond without accrued interest
floor
noun
the greatest integer that is less than or equal to x
floyds triangle
noun
right-angled triangular array of natural numbers
flush
noun
A hand in card games where all cards contain the same suit (hearts, spades, diamonds, clubs)
foci
noun
special points with reference to which any of a variety of curves is constructed
focus
noun
fixed point on the interior of a parabola used in the formal definition of the curve
FOIL
noun
First Outside Inside Last - A method for multiplying two binomials
foot
noun
a unit of length in the customary system of measurement equal to 12 inches
force
noun
a push or pull that acts upon an object as a result of that objects interactions with its surroundings

F = ma
force of interest
noun
a nominal interest rate or a discount rate compounded infinite number of times (or continuously) per time period.
formula
noun
a fact or a rule written with mathematical symbols. A concise way of expressing information symbolically.
fortnight
noun
A unit of time equal to 14 days
forward price
noun
price of an asset in a forward contract
forward rate
noun
price of an asset in a forward contract
fractal
noun
A figure that is self-similar.
fraction
noun
how many parts of a certain size exist

a/b where a is the numerator and b is the denominator
fraction cancellation property
noun
divide out factors that are common to both a numerator and a denominator
fractional indices
noun
An exponent fraction
frequency
noun
number of times a data value occurs
frequency analysis
noun
number of times each letter is used in a phrase
frequency distribution
noun
frequency measurement of various outcomes
frequency distribution table
noun
a method to organize the data given so that it makes it more meaningful and easier to understand
function
noun
relation between a set of inputs and permissible outputs

ƒ(x)
function test
noun
Test where you draw a vertical line on a graph to make sure it only passes through one point
fundamental rule of counting
verb
If there are m ways to do one thing, and n ways to do another, then there are m*n ways of doing both

Total Choices = n1 * n2 * n3 * ... * nk
Furlongs
noun
distance measurement equal to 1/8 mile
future value
noun
the value of a current asset at a future date based on an assumed rate of growth