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lagrange theorem

lambdain group theory, for any finite group say G, the order of subgroup H of group G divides the order of G

p = a^{2}+ b^{2}+ c^{2}+ d^{2}

lateral areaA letter of the greek alphabet used for math notation.

Λ λ

lattice multiplicationthe calculation of the area of one side of a three-dimensional object

latus rectuma written method of multiplying numbers also known as Chinese multiplication

lawhe chord through a focus parallel to the conic section directrix

LDLa mathematical statement which always holds true

least common multiplelow-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, sometimes called bad cholesterol, makes up most of your body's cholesterol.

least squares methodGiven 2 numbers a and b, the least common multiple LCM is the smallest positive integer that is divisible by both. It is commonly denoted as LCM(a, b)

leibnizs trianglea statistical procedure to find the best fit for a set of data points by minimizing the sum of the offsets or residuals of points from the plotted curve

lemmaa triangular arrangement of unit fractions in which the outermost diagonals consist of the reciprocals of the row numbers and each inner cell is the cell diagonally above and to the left minus the cell to the left.

lengthAn intermediate theorem. A generally minor, proven proposition which is used as a stepping stone to a larger result. For that reason, it is also known as a helping theorem or an auxiliary theorem.

less thanthe measurement or extent of something from end to end

less than or equal toShows an inequality of one value being less than another

<

letterShows an inequality of one value being equal to or less than another

≤

letter arrangementsa character representing one or more of the sounds used in speech; any of the symbols of an alphabet.

levenshtein distanceways to arrange letters in a word

levera string metric for measuring the difference between two sequences

liabilitya rigid body capable of rotating on a point on itself.

LIFOan obligation of a company that results in the companys future sacrifices of economic benefits to other entities or businesses

LIFOast in, first out (LIFO) is a method used to account for inventory that records the most recently produced items as sold first

like termsLast In, Last Out is an accounting method in which assets purchased or acquired lasst are disposed of first

likelihoodTerms whose variables (such as x or y) with any exponentsare the same

limithow likely a particular population is to produce an observed sample

linethe value that a function (or sequence) approaches as the input (or index) approaches some valu

linear algebraan infinitely long one-dimensional object with no width, depth, or curvature

linear congruencethe study of vectors and linear functions

Linear equationa problem of finding an integer x that satisfies the equation ax = b (mod m)

linear interpolationAn equation with the form a_{1}x_{1}+ ··· + a_{n}x_{n}+ b = 0 where where x_{1}, ···,x_{n}are the variables (or unknowns), and b , a_{1},···,x_{n}are the coefficients

a_{1}x_{1}+ ··· + a_{n}x_{n}+ b = 0

litera method of curve fitting using linear polynomials to construct new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points

literal equationmetric unit of capacity, formerly defined as the volume of one kilogram of water under standard conditions, now equal to 1,000 cubic centimeters

littles lawan equation which consists primarily of letters

loanthe average number of items in a stationary queuing system, based on the average waiting time of an item within a system and the average number of items arriving at the system per unit of time.

CT = WIP/TH

logarithma thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is expected to be paid back with interest.

logarithmic rate of returnthe exponent or power to which a base must be raised to yield a given number

logistic mapa way of calculating the rate of return on an investment measuring the rate of exponential growth

long divisiona polynomial mapping (equivalently, recurrence relation) of degree 2. it gives a way of predicting how a population of animals will grow or shrink over time

lossa standard division algorithm suitable for dividing multi-digit numerals that is simple enough to perform by hand.

lottodecrease the amount or rate of (something, typically weight or speed or time).

lower bounda lottery game similar to bingo

lower quartileAny number less than or equal to all elements in a set.

the value under which 25% of data points are found when they are arranged in increasing order