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Convert 256 from decimal to hexadecimal

(base 16) notation:

##### Power Test

Raise our base of 16 to a power

Start at 0 and increasing by 1 until it is >= 256

160 = 1

161 = 16

162 = 256 <--- Stop: This is equal to 256

Since 256 is equal to 256, we use our current power as our starting point which equals 2

##### Build hexadecimal notation

Work backwards from a power of 2

We start with a total sum of 0:

##### 162 = 256

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 256 is 1

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 1 * 256 = 256

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
0 + 256 = 256

This = 256, so we assign our outside coefficient of 1 for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 256

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 1

##### 161 = 16

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 256 is 1

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 1 * 16 = 16

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
256 + 16 = 272

This is > 256, so we assign a 0 for this digit.

Our total sum remains the same at 256

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 10

##### 160 = 1

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 256 is 1

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 1 * 1 = 1

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
256 + 1 = 257

This is > 256, so we assign a 0 for this digit.

Our total sum remains the same at 256

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 100