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Convert 299 from decimal to hexadecimal

(base 16) notation:

##### Power Test

Raise our base of 16 to a power

Start at 0 and increasing by 1 until it is >= 299

160 = 1

161 = 16

162 = 256

163 = 4096 <--- Stop: This is greater than 299

Since 4096 is greater than 299, we use 1 power less as our starting point which equals 2

##### Build hexadecimal notation

Work backwards from a power of 2

We start with a total sum of 0:

##### 162 = 256

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 299 is 1

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 1 * 256 = 256

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
0 + 256 = 256

This is <= 299, so we assign our outside coefficient of 1 for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 256

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 1

##### 161 = 16

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 299 is 2

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 2 * 16 = 32

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
256 + 32 = 288

This is <= 299, so we assign our outside coefficient of 2 for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 288

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 12

##### 160 = 1

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 299 is 11

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 11 * 1 = 11

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
288 + 11 = 299

Hexadecimal (10 - 15) are represented by an (A-F) where 11 translates to the letter B

This = 299, so we assign our outside coefficient of B for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 299

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 12B

We are done. 299 converted from decimal to hexadecimal notation equals 12B16.