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Convert 77 from decimal to hexadecimal

(base 16) notation:

##### Power Test

Raise our base of 16 to a power

Start at 0 and increasing by 1 until it is >= 77

160 = 1

161 = 16

162 = 256 <--- Stop: This is greater than 77

Since 256 is greater than 77, we use 1 power less as our starting point which equals 1

##### Build hexadecimal notation

Work backwards from a power of 1

We start with a total sum of 0:

##### 161 = 16

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 77 is 4

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 4 * 16 = 64

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
0 + 64 = 64

This is <= 77, so we assign our outside coefficient of 4 for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 64

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 4

##### 160 = 1

The highest coefficient less than 15 we can multiply this by to stay under 77 is 13

Multiplying this coefficient by our original value, we get: 13 * 1 = 13

Add our new value to our running total, we get:
64 + 13 = 77

Hexadecimal (10 - 15) are represented by an (A-F) where 13 translates to the letter D

This = 77, so we assign our outside coefficient of D for this digit.

Our new sum becomes 77

Our hexadecimal notation is now equal to 4D

We are done. 77 converted from decimal to hexadecimal notation equals 4D16.