Prove 0! = 1 Let n be a whole number, where n! represents: The product of n and all integers below it through 1. The factorial formula for n is n! = n · (n - 1) · (n - 2) · ... · 3 · 2 · 1 Written in partially expanded form, n! is: n! = n · (n - 1)! Substitute n = 1 into this expression: n! = n · (n - 1)! 1! = 1 · (1 - 1)! 1! = 1 · (0)! For the expression to be true, 0! must equal 1. Otherwise, 1! ≠ 1 which contradicts the equation above