There are 100 people in a sport centre. 67 people use the gym. 62 people use the swimming pool. 5

Discussion in 'Calculator Requests' started by math_celebrity, May 19, 2019.

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There are 100 people in a sport centre. 67 people use the gym. 62 people use the swimming pool. 56 people use the track. 38 people use the gym and the pool. 31 people use the pool and the track. 33 people use the gym and the track. 16 people use all three facilities. A person is selected at random. What is the probability that this person doesn't use any facility?

WE use the compound probability formula for 3 events:
1. Gym use (G)
2. Swimming pool use (S)
3. Track (T)
P(G U S U T) = P(G) + P(S) + P(T) - P(G Intersection S) - P(G Intersection T) - P(S Intersection T) + P(G Intersection S Intersection T)
• Note: U means Union (Or) and Intersection means (And)

Plugging our numbers in:
P(G U S U T) = 67/100 + 62/100 + 56/100 - 38/100 - 31/100 - 33/100 + 16/100
P(G U S U T) = (67 + 62 + 56 - 38 - 31 - 33 + 16)/100
P(G U S U T) = 99/100 or 0.99

What this says is, the probability that somebody uses at any of the 3 facilities is 99/100.

The problem asks for none of the 3 facilities, or P(G U S U T)'
P(G U S U T)' = 1 - P(G U S U T)
P(G U S U T)' = 1 - 99/100
P(G U S U T)' = 100/100 - 99/100
P(G U S U T)' = 1/100 or 0.1