Math Glossary Letter T t-bill noun a short-term debt obligation issued by the U.S. Treasury and backed by the U.S. government with a maturity of less than one year table noun lists of numbers showing the results of a calculation with varying arguments tablespoon noun a measurement in cooking, equivalent to 1/2 fluid ounce, three teaspoons, or 15 ml. tabular display noun ata that is organized in a table with rows and columns with associated probabilities of events tally noun a vertical line used to record counting| tan noun the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side of a particular angle of the right triangle. tangent noun the straight line that just touches the curve at that point tangent ratio noun the ratio of opposite side to adjacent side of a right triangle. tape diagram noun a drawing that looks like a segment of tape, used to illustrate number relationships tau noun A letter of the greek alphabet used for math notation.Τ τ tax noun a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer by a governmental organization in order to fund government spending and various public expenditures teaspoon noun a unit of volume measure equal to 1/3 tablespoon. It is exactly equal to 5 mL temperature noun degree of hotness or coldness measured on a definite scale. An average measure of the kinetic energy for particles of matter. ten frame noun two-by-five rectangular frames into which objects like counters can be placed to show numbers less than or equal to ten terabyte noun unit of digital data that is equal to about 1 trillion bytes terahertz noun a unit of frequency, defined as one trillion cycles per second term noun a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together terminating decimal noun a decimal which can be expressed in a finite number of figures or for which all figures to the right of some place are zero test statistic noun a number calculated by a statistical test tetrahedral numbers noun numbers that can be represented as a pyramid with a triangular base and three sides, called a tetrahedron. tetrahedron noun a polyhedron that has four faces theorem noun A statement provable using logic theoretical method noun bond calculation calculated by discounting the future value of its coupon payments by an appropriate discount rate theoretical value noun value determined from theory - what you expect to happen theta noun A letter of the greek alphabet used for math notation.Θ θ thin lens noun a lens with a thickness that is negligible compared to the radii of curvature of the lens surfaces1/f = 1/u + 1/v thrice noun Multiply by 3 throughput noun the amount of material or items passing through a system or process. time noun a point of time as measured in hours and minutes past midnight or noon time conversions noun Conversions between units of time measurements time series noun a series of values of a quantity obtained at successive times, often with equal intervals between them. time weighted interest noun a measure of the compound rate of growth in a portfolio time zone noun n area which observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial and social purposes. times noun Another word for multiply tip noun a sum of money gratuitously and voluntarily left by a customer for service, or indicated on a bill or charge statement, to be paid to a service or tipped employee for directly and personally serving the customer in a hotel, motel, tourist place, or restaurant. tip amount noun Amount of money paid for exceptional service above the regular bill torus noun A donut shapeSA = 4π^{2} Rr V = 2π^{2} Rr^{2} total noun comprising the whole number or amount totient noun The number of positive integers not greater than a specified integer that are relatively prime to it trace noun he sum of elements on the main diagonal trade noun a study of the structure of international financial interactions trade cost noun all the costs that the trader/investor incurs when transacting on the market, and which are deducted from the sum of money they spend when transacting transitive property noun if two quantities are equal to the third quantity, then we can say that all the quantities are equal to each other transpose noun an operator which flips a matrix over its diagonal. It switches the rows and columns indices of the matrix transversal noun a line that passes through two lines in the same plane at two distinct points. trapezoid noun a quadrilateral with only one pair of parallel sides treynor ratio noun a measurement of the returns earned in excess of that which could have been earned on an investment that has no diversifiable risk (Expected Return - Rf)/ Β trial noun a single performance of well-defined experiment triangle noun a flat geometric figure that has three sides and three angles triangle inequality noun the sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than or equal to the third side triangular numbers noun numbers with the representation of the numbers in the form of equilateral triangle arranged in a series or sequence trichotomy property noun for natural numbers a and b, either a is less than b, a equals b, or a is greater than b triglycerides noun Triglycerides are a type of fat trigonometry noun Trigonometry studies relationships between side lengths and angles of triangles. The word trigonometry comes from the Greek word trigonon which means triangle and metron which means measure trigonometry relations noun trigram noun a special case of the n-gram, where n is 3 trimmed mean noun Calculate the mean by removing the highest and lowest x% of values trinomial noun polynomial with 3 terms true noun A statement that can be proven formally from the axioms true false equation noun Equations resulting in a true or false designation, based on if the left side and right side equal each other truncate noun Approximation method of a number by dropping all decimal places after a certain number truss noun a structural member usually fabricated from straight pieces of metal or timber to form a series of triangles lying in a single plane. (A triangle cannot be distorted by stress.) truth table noun a table that shows how the truth or falsity of a compound statement depends on the truth or falsity of the simple statements from which it is constructed. turnover ratio noun an accounting measure used to measure how effective a company is in extending credit as well as collecting debts twin prime noun a prime number that is either 2 less or 2 more than another prime numbe two column proof noun This consists of a list of statements, and the reasons that we know those statements are true. The two column proof has five parts:
1) Given
2) Proposition
3) Statement Column
4) Reason Column
5) Diagram
typing speed noun The speed listed in words per minute of a typist