adding - The sum of elements

A ball was dropped from a height of 6 feet and began bouncing. The height of each bounce was three-f

A ball was dropped from a height of 6 feet and began bouncing. The height of each bounce was three-fourths the height of the previous bounce. Find the total vertical distance travelled by the all in ten bounces.
The height of each number bounce (n) is shown as:
h(n) = 6(0.75)^n
We want to find h(10)
h(n) = 6(0.75)^n
Time Height
0 6
1 4.5
2 3.375
3 2.53125
4 1.8984375
5 1.423828125
6 1.067871094
7 0.8009033203
8 0.6006774902
9 0.4505081177
10 0.3378810883
Adding up each bounce from 1-10, we get:
16.98635674
Since vertical distance means both [B]up and down[/B], we multiply this number by 2 to get:
16.98635674 * 2 = 33.97271347
Then we add in the initial bounce of 6 to get:
33.97271347 + 6 = [B]39.97271347 feet[/B]

A football team gained 8 yards on a first down, lost 12 yards on the second down, and gained 16 yard

A football team gained 8 yards on a first down, lost 12 yards on the second down, and gained 16 yards on the third down. How many yards did the team gain or lose?
Assumptions:
[LIST]
[*]We reflect gains by adding
[*]We reflect losses by subtracting
[/LIST]
Plays:
[LIST]
[*]Gain of 8 = +8
[*]Loss of 12 = -12
[*]Gain of 16 = +16
[/LIST]
Net Gain/Loss
+8 - 12 + 16
[B]+12 (gain)[/B]

A lottery offers 1 $1000 prize and 5 $100 prizes. 1000 tickets are sold. Find the expectation if a p

A lottery offers 1 $1000 prize and 5 $100 prizes. 1000 tickets are sold. Find the expectation if a person buys 1 ticket for $5.
Set up the expected values E(x):
for the 1,000 price:
E(x) = (1000 - 5) * 1/1000 = 995/1000
For the 5 $100 prizes:
E(x) = (100 - 5) * 5/1000 = 475/1000
For the losing ticket. With 6 winning tickets, we have 1000 - 6 = 994 losing tickets:
E(x) = -3 * 994/1000 = -2982/1000
We get our total expected value by adding all of these expected values up. Since they all have the same denominator, we add numerators:
E(x) = (995 + 475 - 2982)/1000
E(x) = -1512/1000
E(x) = [B]-1.51[/B]

Allison can pay her gym membership fee monthly but if she pays for her entire year at one she gets a

Allison can pay her gym membership fee monthly but if she pays for her entire year at one she gets a $53 discount her discounted bill at the end of the year was 463 what is her monthly fee
Her full annual bill is found by adding the discounted annual bill to the discount amount:
Full annual bill = Discounted annual bill + discount amount
Full annual bill = 463 + 53
Full annual bill = 516
Her monthly gym membership is found by the following calculation:
Monthly Gym Membership = Full Annual Bill / 12
Monthly Gym Membership = 516 / 12
Monthly Gym Membership = [B]$43[/B]

An ordinary fair die is rolled twice. The face value of the rolls is added together. Compute the pro

An ordinary fair die is rolled twice. The face value of the rolls is added together. Compute the probability of the following events: Event A: The sum is greater than 6. Event B: The sum is divisible by 5 or 6 or both.
[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=2&pl=6&opdice=1&rolist=+2%2C3%2C9%2C10&dby=2%2C3%2C5&ndby=4%2C5&montect=+100']Sum greater than 6[/URL] = [B]7/12[/B]
Sum is divisible by 5 or 6 or both
This means a sum of 5, a sum of 6, a sum of 10, or a sum of 12.
[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=5&opdice=1&rolist=+2%2C3%2C9%2C10&dby=2%2C3%2C5&ndby=4%2C5&montect=+100']Sum of 5[/URL] = 1/9 or 4/36
[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=6&opdice=1&rolist=+2%2C3%2C9%2C10&dby=2%2C3%2C5&ndby=4%2C5&montect=+100']Sum of 6[/URL] = 5/36
[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=10&opdice=1&rolist=+2%2C3%2C9%2C10&dby=2%2C3%2C5&ndby=4%2C5&montect=+100']Sum of 10[/URL] = 1/12 or 3/36
[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=12&opdice=1&rolist=+2%2C3%2C9%2C10&dby=2%2C3%2C5&ndby=4%2C5&montect=+100']Sum of 12[/URL] = 1/36
Adding all these up, we get:
(4 + 5 + 3 + 1)/36
[B]13/36[/B]

An organic juice bottler ideally produces 215,000 bottle per day. But this total can vary by as much

An organic juice bottler ideally produces 215,000 bottle per day. But this total can vary by as much as 7,500 bottles. What is the maximum and minimum expected production at the bottling company?
Our production amount p is found by adding and subtracting our variance amount:
215,000 - 7,500 <= p <= 215,000 + 7,500
[B](min) 207,500 <= p <=222,500 (max)[/B]

Basic Math Operations

Given 2 numbers, this performs the following arithmetic operations:

* Addition (Adding) (+)

* Subtraction (Subtracting) (-)

* Multiplication (Multiplying) (x)

* Long division (Dividing) with a remainder (÷)

* Long division to decimal places (÷)

* Partial Sums (Shortcut Sums)

* Short Division

* Duplication and Mediation

* Addition (Adding) (+)

* Subtraction (Subtracting) (-)

* Multiplication (Multiplying) (x)

* Long division (Dividing) with a remainder (÷)

* Long division to decimal places (÷)

* Partial Sums (Shortcut Sums)

* Short Division

* Duplication and Mediation

Dad is (y) years old. Mom is 5 years younger than Dad. What is the total of their ages

Dad is (y) years old. Mom is 5 years younger than Dad. What is the total of their ages
Dad's age:
y
Mom's age (younger means we subtract):
y - 5
The total of their ages is found by adding them together:
y + y - 5
Group like terms, and we get:
[B]2y - 5[/B]

David has b dollars in his bank account; Claire has three times as much money as David. The sum of t

David has b dollars in his bank account; Claire has three times as much money as David. The sum of their money is $240. How much money does Claire have?
David has b
Claire has 3b since three times as much means we multiply b by 3
The sum of their money is found by adding David's bank balance to Claire's bank balance to get the equation:
3b + b = 240
To solve for b, [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=3b%2Bb%3D240&pl=Solve']we type this equation into our search engine[/URL] and we get:
b = 60
So David has 60 dollars in his bank account.
Therefore, Claire has:
3(60) = [B]180[/B]

difference between 2 positive numbers is 3 and the sum of their squares is 117

difference between 2 positive numbers is 3 and the sum of their squares is 117
Declare variables for each of the two numbers:
[LIST]
[*]Let the first variable be x
[*]Let the second variable be y
[/LIST]
We're given 2 equations:
[LIST=1]
[*]x - y = 3
[*]x^2 + y^2 = 117
[/LIST]
Rewrite equation (1) in terms of x by adding y to each side:
[LIST=1]
[*]x = y + 3
[*]x^2 + y^2 = 117
[/LIST]
Substitute equation (1) into equation (2) for x:
(y + 3)^2 + y^2 = 117
Evaluate and simplify:
y^2 + 3y + 3y + 9 + y^2 = 117
Combine like terms:
2y^2 + 6y + 9 = 117
Subtract 117 from each side:
2y^2 + 6y + 9 - 117 = 117 - 117
2y^2 + 6y - 108 = 0
This is a quadratic equation:
Solve the quadratic equation 2y2+6y-108 = 0
With the standard form of ax2 + bx + c, we have our a, b, and c values:
a = 2, b = 6, c = -108
Solve the quadratic equation 2y^2 + 6y - 108 = 0
The quadratic formula is denoted below:
y = -b ± sqrt(b^2 - 4ac)/2a
[U]Step 1 - calculate negative b:[/U]
-b = -(6)
-b = -6
[U]Step 2 - calculate the discriminant ?:[/U]
? = b2 - 4ac:
? = 62 - 4 x 2 x -108
? = 36 - -864
? = 900 <--- Discriminant
Since ? is greater than zero, we can expect two real and unequal roots.
[U]Step 3 - take the square root of the discriminant ?:[/U]
?? = ?(900)
?? = 30
[U]Step 4 - find numerator 1 which is -b + the square root of the Discriminant:[/U]
Numerator 1 = -b + ??
Numerator 1 = -6 + 30
Numerator 1 = 24
[U]Step 5 - find numerator 2 which is -b - the square root of the Discriminant:[/U]
Numerator 2 = -b - ??
Numerator 2 = -6 - 30
Numerator 2 = -36
[U]Step 6 - calculate your denominator which is 2a:[/U]
Denominator = 2 * a
Denominator = 2 * 2
Denominator = 4
[U]Step 7 - you have everything you need to solve. Find solutions:[/U]
Solution 1 = Numerator 1/Denominator
Solution 1 = 24/4
Solution 1 = 6
Solution 2 = Numerator 2/Denominator
Solution 2 = -36/4
Solution 2 = -9
[U]As a solution set, our answers would be:[/U]
(Solution 1, Solution 2) = (6, -9)
Since one of the solutions is not positive and the problem asks for 2 positive number, this problem has no solution

Ethan has $9079 in his retirement account, and Kurt has $9259 in his. Ethan is adding $19per day, wh

Ethan has $9079 in his retirement account, and Kurt has $9259 in his. Ethan is adding $19per day, whereas Kurt is contributing $1 per day. Eventually, the two accounts will contain the same amount. What balance will each account have? How long will that take?
Set up account equations A(d) where d is the number of days since time 0 for each account.
Ethan A(d): 9079 + 19d
Kurt A(d): 9259 + d
The problems asks for when they are equal, and how much money they have in them. So set each account equation equal to each other:
9079 + 19d = 9259 + d
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=9079%2B19d%3D9259%2Bd&pl=Solve']Typing this equation into our search engine[/URL], we get [B]d = 10[/B].
So in 10 days, both accounts will have equal amounts in them.
Now, pick one of the account equations, either Ethan or Kurt, and plug in d = 10. Let's choose Kurt's since we have a simpler equation:
A(10) = 9259 + 10
A(10) = $[B]9,269
[/B]
After 10 days, both accounts have $9,269 in them.

Explain the steps you would take to find an equation for the line perpendicular to 4x - 5y = 20 and

Explain the steps you would take to find an equation for the line perpendicular to 4x - 5y = 20 and sharing the same y-intercept
Get this in slope-intercept form by adding 5y to each side:
4x - 5y + 5y = 5y + 20
Cancel the 5y's on the left side and we get:
5y + 20 = 4x
Subtract 20 from each side
5y + 20 - 20 = 4x - 20
Cancel the 20's on the left side and we get:
5y = 4x - 20
Divide each side by 5:
5y/5 = 4x/5 - 4
y = 4x/5 - 4
So we have a slope of 4/5
to find our y-intercept, we set x = 0:
y = 4(0)/5 - 4
y = 0 - 4
y = -4
If we want a line perpendicular to the line above, our slope will be the negative reciprocal:
The reciprocal of 4/5 is found by flipping the fraction making the numerator the denominator and the denominator the numerator:
m = 5/4
Next, we multiply this by -1:
-5/4
So our slope-intercept of the perpendicular line with the same y-intercept is:
[B]y = -5x/4 - 4[/B]

Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Given (improper fractions, proper fraction, mixed numbers, or whole numbers), this performs the following operations:

* Addition (Adding)

* Subtraction (Subtracting)

* Positive Difference (Absolute Value of the Difference)

* Multiplication (Multiplying)

* Division (Dividing: complex fraction division is included)

* Compare Fractions

* Simplifying of proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers. Fractions will be reduced down as far as possible (Reducing Fractions).

* Reciprocal of a Fraction

* Find all fractions between two fractions

* reduce a fraction

* Addition (Adding)

* Subtraction (Subtracting)

* Positive Difference (Absolute Value of the Difference)

* Multiplication (Multiplying)

* Division (Dividing: complex fraction division is included)

* Compare Fractions

* Simplifying of proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers. Fractions will be reduced down as far as possible (Reducing Fractions).

* Reciprocal of a Fraction

* Find all fractions between two fractions

* reduce a fraction

Given that E[Y]=2 and Var [Y] =3, find E[(2Y + 1)^2]

Given that E[Y]=2 and Var [Y] =3, find E[(2Y + 1)^2]
Multiply through
E[(2Y + 1)^2] = E[4y^2 + 4y + 1]
We can take the expected value of each term
E[4y^2] + E[4y] + E[1]
For the first term, we have:
4E[Y^2]
We define the Var[Y] = E[Y^2] - (E[Y])^2
Rearrange this term, we have E[Y^2] = Var[Y] + (E[Y])^2
E[Y^2] = 3+ 2^2
E[Y^2] = 3+ 4
E[Y^2] = 7
So our first term is 4(7) = 28
For the second term using expected value rules of separating out a constant, we have
4E[Y] = 4(2) = 8
For the third term, we have:
E[1] = 1
Adding up our three terms, we have:
E[4y^2] + E[4y] + E[1] = 28 + 8 + 1
E[4y^2] + E[4y] + E[1] = [B]37[/B]

If 2 is added to the numerator and denominator it becomes 9/10 and if 3 is subtracted from the numer

If 2 is added to the numerator and denominator it becomes 9/10 and if 3 is subtracted from the numerator and denominator it become 4/5. Find the fractions.
Convert 2 to a fraction with a denominator of 10:
20/2 = 10, so we multiply 2 by 10/10:
2*10/10 = 20/10
Add 2 to the numerator and denominator:
(n + 2)/(d + 2) = 9/10
Cross multiply and simplify:
10(n + 2) = 9(d + 2)
10n + 20 = 9d + 18
Move constants to right side by subtracting 20 from each side and subtracting 9d:
10n - 9d = -2
Subtract 3 from the numerator and denominator:
(n - 3)/(d - 3) = 4/5
Cross multiply and simplify:
5(n - 3) = 4(d - 3)
5n - 15 = 4d - 12
Move constants to right side by adding 15 to each side and subtracting 4d:
5n - 4d = 3
Build our system of equations:
[LIST=1]
[*]10n - 9d = -2
[*]5n - 4d = 3
[/LIST]
Multiply equation (2) by -2:
[LIST=1]
[*]10n - 9d = -2
[*]-10n + 8d = -6
[/LIST]
Now add equation (1) to equation (2)
(10 -10)n (-9 + 8)d = -2 - 6
The n's cancel, so we have:
-d = -8
Multiply through by -1:
d = 8
Now bring back our first equation from before, and plug in d = 8 into it to solve for n:
10n - 9d = -2
10n - 9(8) = -2
10n - 72 = -2
To solve for n, we [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=10n-72%3D-2&pl=Solve']plug this equation into our search engine[/URL] and we get:
n = 7
So our fraction, n/d = [B]7/8[/B]

if 200 is divided in the ratio of 1:3:4 , what is the greatest number

if 200 is divided in the ratio of 1:3:4 , what is the greatest number
Determine the ratio denominator by adding up the ratio amounts:
1 + 3 + 4 = 8
So we have the following ratios and ratio amounts with our greatest number in bold:
[LIST]
[*]1/8 * 200 = 25
[*]3/8 * 200 = 75
[*]4/8 * 200 = [B]100[/B]
[/LIST]

If p+4=2 and q-3=2, what is the value of qp?

If p+4=2 and q-3=2, what is the value of qp?
Isolate p by subtracting 4 from each side using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=p%2B4%3D2&pl=Solve']equation calculator[/URL]
p = -2
Isolate q by adding 3 to each side using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=q-3%3D2&pl=Solve']equation calculator[/URL]:
q = 5
pq = (-2)(5)
[B]pq = -10[/B]

If the max time that John can spend on Client A ($20/hr) in one week is 32 hours, and the min time i

If the max time that John can spend on Client A ($20/hr) in one week is 32 hours, and the min time is 8 hours, while the max time on Client B ($14/hr) is 8 hours and the min 5 hours, what is the RANGE (max, min) of total pay he can earn in one week (40 hours)
[LIST]
[*]Client A Minimum = 20 x 8 hours = $160
[*]Client A Maximum = 20 x 32 hours = $640
[*]Client B Minimum = 14 x 5 hours = $70
[*]Client B Maximum = 14 x 8 hours = $112
[/LIST]
[U]The Total Maximum Pay is found by adding Client A Maximum and Client B Maximum[/U]
Total Maximum = Client A Maximum + Client B Maximum
Total Maximum = 640 + 112
Total Maximum = 752
[U]The Total Minimum Pay is found by adding Client A Minimum and Client B Minimum[/U]
Total Minimum = Client A Minimum + Client B Minimum
Total Minimum = 160 + 70
Total Minimum = 230
[U]The Range is the difference between the Total maximum and the Total minimum[/U]
Range(Total Maximum, Total Minimum) = Total Maximum - Total Minimum
Range(752, 230) = 752 - 230
Range(752, 230) = [B]522[/B]

If x represents the first, or the smaller, of two consecutive odd integers, express the sum of the

If x represents the first, or the smaller, of two consecutive odd integers, express the sum of the two integers in terms of x
If x is the first of two consecutive odd integers, then we find the next consecutive odd integer by adding 2 to x:
x + 2
The sum of the two consecutive odd integers is expressed by
x + (x + 2)
Simplify by grouping like terms, we get:
[B]2x + 2[/B]

Joe earns $9 per hour. He worked x hours on both Wednesday and Friday, and 8 hours on both Tuesday a

Joe earns $9 per hour. He worked x hours on both Wednesday and Friday, and 8 hours on both Tuesday and Saturday. Write an expression to represent how much joe earned.
Earnings = Hourly Rate * hours worked, so we have:
[LIST]
[*]Wednesday: 9x
[*]Friday: 9x
[*]Tuesday: 9(8) = 72
[*]Saturday: 9(8) = 72
[/LIST]
Joe's total earnings come from adding up all 4 days:
9x + 9x + 72 + 72
Combine like terms:
(9 + 9)x + (72 + 72)
[B]18x + 144[/B]

Joey withdrew $125 from his savings account. After the withdrawal, his balance was $785. How much wa

Joey withdrew $125 from his savings account. After the withdrawal, his balance was $785. How much was in his account initially?
[U]Withdrawal means he took money out, which means his initial balance is found by adding back the withdrawal:[/U]
Initial Balance = Current Balance + Withdrawal
Initial Balance = 785 + 125
Initial Balance = [B]910[/B]

Kendra is half as old as Morgan and 3 years younger than Lizzie. The total of their ages is 39. How

Kendra is half as old as Morgan and 3 years younger than Lizzie. The total of their ages is 39. How old are they?
Let k be Kendra's age, m be Morgan's age, and l be Lizzie's age. We're given:
[LIST=1]
[*]k = 0.5m
[*]k = l - 3
[*]k + l + m = 39
[/LIST]
Rearranging (1) by multiplying each side by 2, we have:
m = 2k
Rearranging (2) by adding 3 to each side, we have:
l = k + 3
Substituting these new values into (3), we have:
k + (k + 3) + (2k) = 39
Group like terms:
(k + k + 2k) + 3 = 39
4k + 3 = 39
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=4k%2B3%3D39&pl=Solve']Type this equation into the search engine[/URL], and we get:
[B]k = 9
[/B]
Substitute this back into (1), we have:
m = 2(9)
[B]m = 18
[/B]
Substitute this back into (2), we have:
l = (9) + 3
[B][B]l = 12[/B][/B]

Let x be an integer. If x is odd, then x^2 is odd

Let x be an integer. If x is odd, then x^2 is odd
Proof: Let x be an odd number. This means that x = 2n + 1 where n is an integer.
[U]Squaring x, we get:[/U]
x^2 = (2n + 1)^2 = (2n + 1)(2n + 1)
x^2 = 4n^2 + 4n + 1
x^2 = 2(2n^2 + 2n) + 1
2(2n^2 + 2n) is an even number since 2 multiplied by any integer is even
So adding 1 is an odd number
[MEDIA=youtube]GlzV80M33x0[/MEDIA]

Mr. Jimenez has a pool behind his house that needs to be fenced in. The backyard is an odd quadrilat

Mr. Jimenez has a pool behind his house that needs to be fenced in. The backyard is an odd quadrilateral shape and the pool encompasses the entire backyard. The four sides are 1818a, 77b, 1111a, and 1919b in length. How much fencing? (the length of the perimeter) would he need to enclose the pool?
The perimeter P is found by adding all 4 sides:
P = 1818a + 77b + 1111a + 1919b
Group the a and b terms
P = (1818 + 1111)a + (77 + 1919b)
[B]P = 2929a + 1996b[/B]

My brother is x years old. I am 5 years older than him. Our combined age is 30 years old. How old is

My brother is x years old. I am 5 years older than him. Our combined age is 30 years old. How old is my brother
Brother's age is x:
I am 5 years older, meaning I'm x + 5:
The combined age is found by adding:
x + (x + 5) = 30
Group like terms:
2x + 5 = 30
To solve for x, [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=2x%2B5%3D30&pl=Solve']type this equation into our search engine[/URL] and we get:
x = [B]12.5[/B]

Rational Number Subtraction

Subtracting 2 numbers, this shows an equivalent operations is adding the additive inverse. p - q = p + (-q)

s dollars saved and she adds d dollars per week for the next twelve weeks

s dollars saved and she adds d dollars per week for the next twelve weeks
Total savings come from adding current savings plus weekly savings:
[B]s + 12d[/B]

Take a look at the following sums: 1 = 1 1 + 3 = 4 1 + 3 + 5 = 9 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 = 16 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 +

Take a look at the following sums:
1 = 1
1 + 3 = 4
1 + 3 + 5 = 9
1 + 3 + 5 + 7 = 16
1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 = 25
a. Come up with a conjecture about the sum when you add the first *n* odd numbers. For example, when you added the first 5 odd numbers (1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9), what did you get? What if wanted to add the first 10 odd numbers? Or 100?
b. Can you think of a geometric interpretation of this pattern? If you start with one square and add on three more, what can you make? If you now have 4 squares and add on 5 more, what can you make?
c. Is there a similar pattern for adding the first n even numbers?
2 = 2
2 + 4 = 6
2 + 4 + 6 = 12
2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 20
a. The formula is [B]n^2[/B].
The sum of the first 10 odd numbers is [B]100[/B] seen on our s[URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/sumofthefirst.php?num=10&pl=Odd+Numbers']um of the first calculator[/URL]
The sum of the first 100 odd numbers is [B]10,000[/B] seen on our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/sumofthefirst.php?num=100&pl=Odd+Numbers']sum of the first calculator[/URL]
b. Geometric is 1, 4, 9 which is our [B]n^2[/B]
c. The sum of the first n even numbers is denoted as [B]n(n + 1)[/B] seen here for the [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/sumofthefirst.php?num=+10&pl=Even+Numbers']first 10 numbers[/URL]

The arithmetic mean (average) of 17, 26, 42, and 59 is equal to the arithmetic mean of 19 and N. Wha

The arithmetic mean (average) of 17, 26, 42, and 59 is equal to the arithmetic mean of 19 and N. What is the value of N ?
Average of the first number set is [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/statbasic.php?num1=17%2C26%2C42%2C59&num2=+0.2%2C0.4%2C0.6%2C0.8%2C0.9&pl=Number+Set+Basics']using our average calculator[/URL] is:
36
Now, the mean (average) or 19 and N is found by adding them together an dividing by 2:
(19 + N)/2
Since both number sets have equal means, we set (19 + N)/2 equal to 36:
(19 + N)/2 = 36
Cross multiply:
19 + N = 36 * 2
19 + n = 72
To solve for n, we [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=19%2Bn%3D72&pl=Solve']type this equation into our search engine[/URL] and we get:
n = [B]53[/B]

The difference between 2 numbers is 108. 6 times the smaller is equal to 2 more than the larger. Wh?

The difference between 2 numbers is 108. 6 times the smaller is equal to 2 more than the larger. What are the numbers?
Let the smaller number be x. Let the larger number be y. We're given:
[LIST=1]
[*]y - x = 108
[*]6x = y + 2
[/LIST]
Rearrange (1) by adding x to each side:
[LIST=1]
[*]y = x + 108
[/LIST]
Substitute this into (2):
6x = x + 108 + 2
Combine like terms
6x = x +110
Subtract x from each side:
5x = 110
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=5x%3D110&pl=Solve']Plugging this equation into our search engine[/URL], we get:
x = [B]22[/B]

The difference between two positive numbers is 5 and the square of their sum is 169

The difference between two positive numbers is 5 and the square of their sum is 169.
Let the two positive numbers be a and b. We have the following equations:
[LIST=1]
[*]a - b = 5
[*](a + b)^2 = 169
[*]Rearrange (1) by adding b to each side. We have a = b + 5
[/LIST]
Now substitute (3) into (2):
(b + 5 + b)^2 = 169
(2b + 5)^2 = 169
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/community/forums/calculator-requests.7/create-thread']Run (2b + 5)^2 through our search engine[/URL], and you get:
4b^2 + 20b + 25
Set this equal to 169 above:
4b^2 + 20b + 25 = 169
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/quadratic.php?num=4b%5E2%2B20b%2B25%3D169&pl=Solve+Quadratic+Equation&hintnum=+0']Run that quadratic equation in our search engine[/URL], and you get:
b = (-9, 4)
But the problem asks for [I]positive[/I] numbers. So [B]b = 4[/B] is one of our solutions.
Substitute b = 4 into equation (1) above, and we get:
a - [I]b[/I] = 5
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=a-4%3D5&pl=Solve']a - 4 = 5[/URL]
[B]a = 9
[/B]
Therefore, we have [B](a, b) = (9, 4)[/B]

The difference of two numbers is 12 and their mean is 15. Find the two numbers

The difference of two numbers is 12 and their mean is 15. Find the two numbers.
Let the two numbers be x and y. We're given:
[LIST=1]
[*]x - y = 12
[*](x + y)/2 = 15. <-- Mean is an average
[/LIST]
Rearrange equation 1 by adding y to each side:
x - y + y = y + 12
Cancelling the y's on the left side, we get:
x = y + 12
Now substitute this into equation 2:
(y + 12 + y)/2 = 15
Cross multiply:
y + 12 + y = 30
Group like terms for y:
2y + 12 = 30
[URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=2y%2B12%3D30&pl=Solve']Typing this equation into our search engine[/URL], we get:
[B]y = 9[/B]
Now substitute this into modified equation 1:
x = y + 12
x = 9 + 12
[B]x = 21[/B]

The domain of a relation is all even negative integers greater than -9. The range y of the relation

The domain of a relation is all even negative integers greater than -9. The range y of the relation is the set formed by adding 4 to the numbers in the domain. Write the relation as a table of values and as an equation.
The domain is even negative integers greater than -9:
{-8, -6, -4, -2}
Add 4 to each x for the range:
{-8 + 4 = -4, -6 + 4 = -2. -4 + 4 = 0, -2 + 4 = 2}
For ordered pairs, we have:
(-8, -4)
(-6, -2)
(-4, 0)
(-2, 2)
The equation can be written:
y = x + 4 on the domain (x | x is an even number where -8 <= x <= -2)

The perpendicular height of a right-angled triangle is 70 mm longer than the base. Find the perimete

The perpendicular height of a right-angled triangle is 70 mm longer than the base. Find the perimeter of the triangle if its area is 3000.
[LIST]
[*]h = b + 70
[*]A = 1/2bh = 3000
[/LIST]
Substitute the height equation into the area equation
1/2b(b + 70) = 3000
Multiply each side by 2
b^2 + 70b = 6000
Subtract 6000 from each side:
b^2 + 70b - 6000 = 0
Using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/quadratic.php?num=b%5E2%2B70b-6000%3D0&pl=Solve+Quadratic+Equation&hintnum=+0']quadratic calculator[/URL], we get:
b = 50 and b = -120
Since the base cannot be negative, we use b = 50.
If b = 50, then h = 50 + 70 = 120
The perimeter is b + h + hypotenuse
Using the [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/righttriangle.php?angle_a=&a=70&angle_b=&b=50&c=&pl=Calculate+Right+Triangle']right-triangle calculator[/URL], we get hypotenuse = 86.02
Adding up all 3 for the perimeter: 50 + 70 + 86.02 = [B]206.02[/B]

The residents of a city voted on whether to raise property taxes. The ratio of yes votes to no votes

The residents of a city voted on whether to raise property taxes. The ratio of yes votes to no votes was 4 to 3 . If there were 2958 no votes, what was the total number of votes?
Set up a ratio of yes to no votes
4/3 = x/2958
Using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/prop.php?num1=4&num2=x&den1=3&den2=2958&propsign=%3D&pl=Calculate+missing+proportion+value']proportion calculator[/URL], we get x = 3,944 for yes votes.
Adding yes votes and no votes together to get total votes, we get:
Total Votes = Yes Votes + No Votes
Total Votes = 3,944 + 2,958
Total Votes = [B]6,902[/B]

The sum of -4x^2 - 5x + 7 and 2x^2 + 8x - 11 can be written in the form ax^2 + bx + c, where a, b, a

The sum of -4x^2 - 5x + 7 and 2x^2 + 8x - 11 can be written in the form ax^2 + bx + c, where a, b, and c are constants. What is the value of a + b + c?
The sum means we add the polynomials together. We do this by adding the like terms:
-4x^2 - 5x + 7 + 2x^2 + 8x - 11
(-4 +2)x^2 + (-5 + 8)x +(7 - 11)
-2x^2 + 3x - 4
We have (a, b, c) = (-2, 3, -4)
The question asks for a + b + c
a + b + c = -2 + 3 - 4
a + b + c = [B]-3[/B]

The sum of 5 odd consecutive numbers is 145

The sum of 5 odd consecutive numbers is 145.
Let the first odd number be n. We have the other 4 odd numbers denoted as:
[LIST]
[*]n + 2
[*]n + 4
[*]n + 6
[*]n + 8
[/LIST]
Add them all together
n + (n + 2) + (n + 4) + (n + 6) + (n + 8)
The sum of the 5 odd consecutive numbers equals 145
n + (n + 2) + (n + 4) + (n + 6) + (n + 8) = 145
Combine like terms:
5n + 20 = 145
Using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=5n%2B20%3D145&pl=Solve']equation solver[/URL], we get [B]n = 25[/B]. Using our other 4 consecutive odd numbers above, we get:
[LIST]
[*]27
[*]29
[*]31
[*]33
[/LIST]
Adding the sum up, we get: 25 + 27 + 29 + 31 + 33 = 145.
So our 5 odd consecutive number added to get 145 are [B]{25, 27, 29, 31, 33}[/B].

the sum of a number and itself is 8

A number means an arbitrary variable, let's call it x.
The sum of a number and itself means adding the number to itself
x + x
Simplified, we have 2x
The word is means equal to, so we have an algebraic expression of:
[B]2x= 8
[/B]
IF you need to solve this equation, divide each side by 2
[B]x = 4[/B]

The sum of two-fifths and f is one-half.

The sum of two-fifths and f is one-half.
We write two-fifths as 2/5.
The sum of two-fifths and f is written by adding f to two-fifths using the + sign:
2/5 + f
one-half is written as 1/2
The word [I]is[/I] means equals, so we set up an equation where 2/5 + f equal to 1/2
[B]2/5 + f = 1/2[/B]

The temp

The temperature of a solution was -23C. After adding a substance to the solution, the temperature after adding the substance to the solution was 133C.
What is the difference between the temperature of the solution before and after adding the substance
Using our [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/temp-change.php?num=thetemperatureofasolutionwas-23c.afteraddingasubstancetothesolutionthetemperaturefe133c.whatisthedifferencebetweenthetemperatureofthesolutionbeforeandafteraddingthesubstance%3E&pl=Calculate+Temp+Change']temperature difference calculator[/URL], we get:
[B]156C[/B]

the total of 3 times the cube of u and the square of u

the total of 3 times the cube of u and the square of u
[U]The cube of u means we raise u to the power of 3:[/U]
u^3
[U]The square of u means we raise u to the power of 2:[/U]
u^2
The total of both of these is found by adding them together:
[B]u^3 + u^2[/B]

There are five consecutive numbers and the smallest is called n. What is the largest number called?

There are five consecutive numbers and the smallest is called n. What is the largest number called?
List out consecutive numbers. Each consecutive number is found by adding 1 to the prior number
[LIST=1]
[*]n
[*]n + 1
[*]n + 2
[*]n + 3
[*][B]n + 4[/B]
[/LIST]

Tom has a collection 21 CDs and Nita has a collection of 14 CDs. Tom is adding 3 cds a month to his

Tom has a collection 21 CDs and Nita has a collection of 14 CDs. Tom is adding 3 cds a month to his collection while Nita is adding 4 CDs a month to her collection. Find the number of months after which they will have the same number of CDs?
Set up growth equations for the CDs where c = number of cds after m months
Tom: c = 21 + 3m
Nita: c = 14 + 4m
Set the c equations equal to each other
21 + 3m = 14 + 4m
Using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=21%2B3m%3D14%2B4m&pl=Solve']equation calculator[/URL], we get [B]m = 7[/B]

Two numbers total 83 and have a difference of 17 find the two numbers

Let the numbers be x and y. Set up our givens:
[LIST=1]
[*]x + y = 83
[*]x - y = 17
[*]Rearrange (2), by adding y to each side, we have: x = 17 + y
[/LIST]
[U]Substitute (3) into (1):[/U]
(17 + y) + y = 83
[U]Group y terms[/U]
2y + 17 = 83
[U]Using our [URL='http://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=2y%2B17%3D83&pl=Solve']equation solver[/URL], we get:[/U]
[B]y = 33
[/B]
[U]Substitute that into (3)[/U]
x = 17 + 33
[B]x = 50
[/B]
So our two numbers (x, y) = (33, 50)

What is the 7th number in the following pattern: 3.2, 4.4, 5.6, 6.8, ...

What is the 7th number in the following pattern: 3.2, 4.4, 5.6, 6.8, ...
This is an arithmetic sequence with an increase amount of 1.2. Each term S(n) is found by adding 1.2 to the prior term.
S(1) = 3.2
S(2) = 3.2 + 1.2 = 4.4
S(3) = 4.4 + 1.2 = 5.6
S(4) = 5.6 + 1.2 = 6.8
S(5) = 6.8 + 1.2 = 8.0
S(6) = 8.0 + 1.2 = 9.2
S(7) = 9.2 + 1.2 = [B]10.4[/B]

You buy a container of cat litter for $12.25 and a bag of cat food for x dollars. The total purchase

You buy a container of cat litter for $12.25 and a bag of cat food for x dollars. The total purchase is $19.08, which includes 6% sales tax. Write and solve an equation to find the cost of the cat food.
Our purchase includes at cat litter and cat food. Adding those together, we're given:
12.25 + x = 19.08
To solve for x, [URL='https://www.mathcelebrity.com/1unk.php?num=12.25%2Bx%3D19.08&pl=Solve']we type this equation into our search engine[/URL], and we get:
x = 6.83
Since the cat food includes sales tax, we need to remove the sales tax of 6% to get the original purchase price.
Original purchase price = After tax price / (1 + tax rate)
Original purchase price = 6.83/1.06
Original purchase price = [B]$6.44[/B]